Julie Loison-Charles : Les mots français en anglais comme force d’émancipation : trois études de cas entre littérature et traduction

Dans ma communication, j’aimerais explorer trois textes où le français joue un rôle émancipateur, en remontant le fil du temps pour voir les différentes modalités esthétiques, éthiques ou encore politiques que le français peut adopter selon les époques et les histoires littéraires nationales. J’interrogerai aussi la capacité qu’a (ou non) la traduction à conserver, déplacer ou amplifier ce pouvoir d’émancipation, notamment dans le cas difficile où le français est aussi la langue cible de la traduction. 

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Alice Bonzom : “The handcuffs are very beneficial to naughty passionate young girls”: disciplining and punishing female prisoners, defying and disobeying British gaolers (1860s-1910s)

Female prisoners, not unlike other categories of women, have often been invisibilised, kept quiet, out of sight and out of (their?) mind(s). Both as prisoners and as women, they are often relegated to the footnotes of history books. While there were a lot less women in long-term and short-term prisons than men, in the second half of the 19th century until World War I, female prisoners were conceived of as particularly problematic. They raised specific issues due to their supposed ‘natures’; portrayed as women on the edge of normality and femininity, and on the edge of a nervous breakdown, they confronted the authorities with disciplinary issues that were interpreted as specifically female problems. A prison medical officer interviewed by a government committee in the 1890s claimed that there were “naughty passionate young girls” who needed to be disciplined and punished. But just how (in)docile were women’s bodies and minds in late Victorians and Edwardian prison? Regulated and subdued, they were also, at times, rebellious and ingenious, deviant and defiant. By shifting perspectives, this paper intends to study the alienation and emancipation of women in prison, exploring both how they were seen and constrained from above, and how they defied the rules, disobeyed orders and tried to “unshackle” themselves.

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